Vehicle Age & Specification
Carriers must be aware of the specific demands on vehicles and equipment associated with the nature of their business. This will allow them to develop vehicle selection and specification standards and to assess the optimum time for vehicle replacement. All vehicles reach a time when the cost of maintenance, repair and continuing use exceeds the performance and return. Before reaching that time, the carrier should develop a programme of phased replacement which considers vehicle age. model and specification and which will allow for the best resale, optimization of operating cost, and return on initial investment.
|No vehicle replacement programme (vehicles may be “run into the ground” until they are incapable of being used).||A risk-based replacement process exists which considers operating needs and tasks.|
|Vehicles are replaced after a number of model years and there is no consideration for very high mileage.||Replacement considers both vehicle age and degree of use (mileage) and is able to recognize excessive use.|
|Contract operators are not subject to any vehicle age standard or replacement requirements.||Replacement programme includes all power units, trailers and attached equipment.|
|Vehicle replacement is based only on cost considerations and does not consider job requirement specifications.|
- Develop risk-based replacement programme which determines replacement cycle and specifications via assessment of operational needs and tasks.
- Programme must be linked to other activities, such as maintenance, in order to have awareness of operating costs and allow for cost optimization and resale values
- Replacement programme must be continually monitored and reviewed in order to recognize changing job requirements.
- Replacement programme should include not only power units, but also extend to include trailers, attached equipment such as cranes, lift trucks, refrigeration equipment, etc., and any other specialized equipment need in operations.
- Where older model vehicles are in use, best practice maintenance programmes could include continual rebuild of existing equipment. In such cases, the fleet owner will know more about the condition of the vehicles than anyone else.